Pregnancy Workouts: How to Monitor Your Symptoms & Why It Is Important to Continue Physical Activity

Pregnant woman stretching

Last Updated: 6/30/24

In my interactions with new mothers, I was surprised to find that many were misinformed or unaware of their options for prenatal exercise and if it was a safe option for them. One study found that one-third of women surveyed did not receive advice about physical activity during prenatal care.

Doesn’t that sound like a lot of women?

At Pacer Physical Therapy, we are looking to bring more awareness to taking care of your body and maintaining your fitness routines during and after pregnancy. If you’re looking for more info about what your options are for prenatal exercise, read on!

Before You Get Started …

There are exercises and various strategies to make exercising while pregnant comfortable, safe, and effective to meet your fitness goals. Understanding what to monitor when working out and what exercises may be right for you can improve your delivery process, protect you against eclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy), improve gestational weight, and lower risk of depression.

The biggest thing to keep in mind is that EVERY pregnancy is different. And just because you know a friend who did CrossFit or ran until she delivered her baby does not mean that it is the right path for you.

Be mindful of your precautions and how to monitor your body’s response during and after exercise so you can set yourself up for success.

How to See if Exercise Is Appropriate During Your Pregnancy

All pregnant women can participate in physical activity throughout pregnancy with the exception of the contraindications (AKA advised against) listed below:

Red Light (Absolute Contraindications):

Stop! Consult a health care professional and note exercise may not be appropriate for you if you have:

  • Severe respiratory disease
  • Severe acquired or congenital heart disease with exercise intolerance
  • Uncontrolled or severe arrhythmia
  • Placenta abruption
  • Vasa previa
  • Uncontrolled type 1 diabetes
  • Intrauterine growth restriction
  • Active preterm labor
  • Severe pre-eclampsia
  • Cervical insufficiency

Yellow Light (Relative Contraindications):

Proceed with caution and do not hesitate to address your concern or questions with your healthcare provider if you have:

  • Mild respiratory disorders
  • Mild congenital or acquired heart disease
  • Well-controlled type 1 diabetes
  • Mild pre-eclampsia
  • Preterm premature rupture of membranes
  • Placenta previa after 28 weeks
  • Untreated thyroid disease
  • Symptomatic severe eating disorder
  • Multiple nutrient deficiencies
  • Moderate to heavy smoking (>20 cigarettes per day)


Any other circumstance; whether you were ACTIVE or NOT before you were pregnant!

Be sure if you are continuing to work out while pregnant that you are able to talk during the workout and not get too out of breath as to assume you are keeping an intensity that is manageable for you.

You should be able to keep an even breath during exercise and AVOID holding your breath with any lifting, pushing, or abdominal exercise, as this can elevate your heart rate and blood pressure dramatically.

If you are used to lifting in this way, contact a physical therapist to help guide you in a safe way to do so.

Why Exercise During Pregnancy?

The first thing to think about before deciding what type of workout to do while pregnant is to be mindful about what type of exercise(s) you were doing before you were pregnant.

Many of my clients who ask their doctors about exercising during pregnancy tell me their doctors don’t ask any questions about what exercise they did before pregnancy.

Advocate for yourself and tell your doctor what type of physical activity you were partaking in before you were pregnant and at what frequency and intensity so they can help guide you with recommendations!

If your doctor has given you specific instructions not to work out, then follow them. But be sure to have questions lined up on why exercise may not be appropriate for you and what alternative options may be appropriate forms of physical activity.

We all need to be mindful of our mental and physical health and what will make us feel good during this time.

As per the most recent Canadian guidelines for exercising while pregnant and from the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), performing 150 minutes per week of moderate intensity exercise is beneficial for women without contraindications. This means about 30 minutes of physical activity at least five day per week.

The benefits this can have on your body include improvements in cardiovascular, mental, and metabolic health!

What Do You Mean, ‘Aquatic Workouts’?! 

If working out on land is starting to feel challenging in your second or third trimester, consider exercising in water! Submerging your body in water will decrease body weight forces and will facilitate movement, decreasing overload on the joints.

This will enable you to focus on your breathing and can promote faster stages of LABOR– YES YES and YES!

One study showed the first and second stages of labor were FASTER in those who exercised compared to their non-exercised counterparts. The total time of delivery was almost three HOURS less!

Recommendation for aquatic workouts include 60 minute sessions three times a week, broken into 45 minutes of activity followed by 15 minutes of relaxation. Don’t forget to consult a medical professional before starting aquatic workouts to confirm if they are safe for you.

Otherwise, GREEN LIGHT — get in the water, ladies!

When to Modify Exercise While Working Out Pregnant

This can vary from person to person. I know — not what you wanted to hear, but this is why it is so important to be familiar with the contraindications and to have the right questions to ask your doctor on your follow-ups. Otherwise, things can be missed.  

In the first trimester, many women may not feel well and could experience symptoms of nausea, vomiting, fatigue, or intolerance to higher-impact activities. By the second trimester, mom-to-be may be feeling more energized and, by this point, may feel like it is too late to exercise.

If this sounds like you, DON’T give up.

Try to slowly ease back into exercise again even in the middle of your second trimester. But remember to be mindful of the intensity of the exercise you are choosing. Think of restarting exercise in this stage almost like you are recovering from an injury or cold. Start slow, walk or lift lighter weights, then build up as tolerated.

It is important to continue to keep your core and pelvic floor connection to prevent lower back pain, pubic pain, and assist in recovery postpartum. So, at the very least, try to do exercises to assist in keeping these areas strong.

To find out more about how to modify exercises while pregnant, check out this blog post OR book a complimentary discovery call today to get started on a pregnancy workout program.

And keep on MOVING! 

– Dr. Juliana


[1] E Santo, P Forbes, E Oken, & M Belfort. Determinants of physical activity frequency and provider advice during pregnancy. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2017.

[2] V Meah, G Davies, & M Davenport. Why can’t I exercise during pregnancy? Time to revisit medical ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ contraindications: systematic review of evidence of harm and a call to action. Br Journal of Sports Medicine. June 8 2020.

[3] M Mottola, M Davenport, SM Ruchat et. al. 2019 Canadian Guideline for Physical Activity throughout Pregnancy. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Canada. 2018.  

[4] R Rodriquez-Blanque, JC Sachez-Garcia, AM Sanchez-Lopez & MJ Aguilar-Cordero. Physical Activity during pregnancy and its influence on delivery time: a randomized clinical trial. Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, Spain. 2019.